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How to get selected text or value from dropdown list using jquery

In this post, I'll show how you can get the selected text and selected value of dropdown using jQuery. Dropdown can be ASP.Net dropdown or HTML dropdown.

Let’s define one dropdown and button:

<!--Dropdown can be either of ASP.Net -->
<asp:DropDownList ID="ddlGender" runat="server">
   <asp:ListItem Value="-1">-Select-</asp:ListItem>
   <asp:ListItem Value="1">Male</asp:ListItem>
   <asp:ListItem Value="2">Female</asp:ListItem>
</asp:DropDownList>

<!--Or HTML select-->
<select id="ddlGender">
    <option value="-1">-Select-</option>
    <option value="1">Male</option>
    <option value="2">Female</option>
</select>

<input type="button" id="getValue" value="Get Value"/>

Getting value with jQuery is quite easy with the help of val() method, which returns value of any selected element.
Though fetching out selected text of dropdown is tricky though. jQuery provides text() method which returns text of any element. But if we use text() method directly against dropdown object then it’ll return all text of the element and not of selected element, so to get selected text we first need to find selected item and then use text() method.

$('#getValue').click(function (event) {
       //Get the selected value and text for Asp.Net Dropdown.
       alert($('[id$=ddlGender]').val());
       alert($('[id$=ddlGender]').find('option:selected').text());

       //Or get the selected value and text for HTML select.
       alert($('#ddlGender').val());
       alert($('#ddlGender').find('option:selected').text());

       return false;
});

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