Skip to main content

Difference between Web API, WCF and Web Service

So now we have got the basic idea about Web API, now let’s do some comparison of Web API with WCF and web services.

Web Service
Web services created as file with .asmx extension.
WCF create with .svc extension
Web API are simple class file with .cs(for C#) extension. Web API is inherited from “ApiController” and class name must end with “Controller”.
It is SOAP based service and return data in XML form.
It is also based on SOAP and return data in XML form.
Web API is HTTP based service and by default it return data in JSON or XML form.
It supports only HTTP protocol.
It supports various protocols like TCP, HTTP, HTTPS, Named Pipes, and MSMQ.
It supports HTTP protocol.
It can be hosted only on IIS.
It can be hosted with in the application or on IIS or using window service.
It can be hosted with in the application or on IIS.
It is not open source but can be consumed by any client that understands xml.
It is not open source but can be consumed by any client that understands xml.
It is open source and can be consumed by any client that understands JSON or XML.
It requires SOAP protocol to receive and send data over the network, so it is not a  light weight architecture
WCF supports various protocols and different type of binding due to which it is known as heavy weight architecture.
It is light weight architecture and good for devices which have limited bandwidth like mobiles.
It can’t be used to create REST-ful services
We can create REST-ful services with WCF by enabling webHttpBindings, but service configuration is difficult.
Web API is an ideal platform for building REST-ful services, and it service configuration is very easy compare to WCF service.
It support data transfer in XML format.
It support XML, JSON and ATOM data format.
It support XML and JSON data format. Responses can be formatted by Web API’s MediaTypeFormatter into JSON, XML or whatever format you want.
It doesn’t support MVC features
It doesn’t support MVC features
It also supports the MVC features such as routing, controllers, action results, filter, model binders, IOC container or dependency injection, unit testing that makes it more simple and robust.


Post a Comment

Popular posts from this blog

C#: Merging Excel cells with NPOI HSSFWorkbook

In this post we’ll see how to merge the two or more cell with each other while creating the excel sheet using NPOI.
Mentioned below is code to merge multiple cells, in this example we are merging first cell to fifth cell of first row (you can adjust row or cell range by passing particular parameters in CellRangeAddress).
//Created new Workbook var hwb = new NPOI.HSSF.UserModel.HSSFWorkbook(); //Create worksheet with name. var sheet = hwb.CreateSheet("new sheet"); //Create row and cell. var row = sheet.CreateRow(0); var cell = row.CreateCell(0); ; //Set text inside cell cell.SetCellValue("This is Merged cell"); cell.CellStyle.WrapText = true; //define cell range address // parameters: -> first row to last and first cell to last cell var cra = new NPOI.SS.Util.CellRangeAddress(0, 0, 0, 4); //Add merged region to sheet. sheet.AddMergedRegion(cra);
Hope this solution helps you J

Read and parse a CSV file into an array of rows and columns in C#

The following PopulateCsvIntoArraymethod used to read the CSV file into a two-dimensional array of strings.
I have included explanation of method lines, wherever needed. ///<summary> /// Populate the CSV file into an array, /// We assume that every line has the same number of fields and there may be blank lines. ///</summary> ///<returns></returns> privatestring[,] PopulateCsvIntoArray() { // Get path of CSV file. var path = Server.MapPath("~/Folder_Name/testfile.csv"); // Get the file's text using ReadAllText method. string fileData = System.IO.File.ReadAllText(path);
// Split CSV data into lines.     fileData = fileData.Replace('\n', '\r'); string[] lines = fileData.Split(newchar[] { '\r' }, StringSplitOptions.RemoveEmptyEntries);
// Get rows and columns counts. int totalRows = lines.Length;

Calculate Sum and average of two or more Textbox values using JQuery

We can calculate sum and average of values entered in textboxes with the help of small piece of jQuery code.
First of all let’s create a HTML form where we’ll ask user to enter marks in each subject, under body section add following HTML:
<tableclass="demo-table"> <trclass="label"> <tdcolspan="2">Please enter marks(0-99):</td> </tr> <tr> <td>English</td> <td> <inputtype="text"class="txtMarks"name="txtMarks"