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ASP.NET MVC : Folder structure of ASP.NET MVC application

So we have learned the basics of ASP.Net MVC, now before start using it in our application, let's have a look on folder structure of a typical ASP.NET MVC.

The MVC framework is based on default naming and the folder names are equal in all MVC applications. Controllers are in the Controllers folder, Views are in the Views folder, and Models are in the Models folder. This standard naming reduces the amount of code, and makes it easier for developers to understand MVC projects.

Folder structure of MVC3 Application

A typical ASP.NET MVC web application has the following folder content:

Application information
      Properties
      References
Application folders
      App_Data Folder
      Content Folder
      Controllers Folder
      Models Folder
      Views Folder
      Scripts Folder
Configuration files
      Global.asax
      Web.config

Properties: Contains Application properties, i.e. AssemblyInfo.cs

References: All the default application references, we can add more reference if we need.

The App_Data Folder: The App_Data folder is for storing application data. For example SQL database or SQL scripts.

The Content Folder: This folder is used for static files like style sheets (css files), Themes, icons and images etc. When you create a new project Visual Web Developer adds a standard style sheet file (Site.css file under this folder) to the project.

The Controllers Folder: The Controllers folder contains the controller classes responsible for handling user input and responses. MVC requires the name of all controller files to end with "Controller". For example: “HelloWorldController”.

The Models Folder: The Models folder contains the classes that represent the application models. Models hold and manipulate application data.

The Views Folder: This folder stores the files related to the display of the application (UI). Whenever you create a new project Visual Web Developer adds new folder (“Shared folder” under Views folder). This Shared folder is used to store views shared between controllers (master pages and layout pages). The Views folder contains one folder for each controller.

The following file types can be found in the Views Folder:

File Type
Extention
Plain HTML
.htm or .html
Classic ASP
.asp
Classic ASP.NET
.aspx
ASP.NET Razor C#
.cshtml
ASP.NET Razor VB
.vbhtml

The Scripts Folder: The Scripts folder stores the JavaScript/jQuery files of the application. By default Visual Web Developer fills this folder with standard MVC, Ajax, and jQuery files.

Default script files

Global.asax: Contains Global settings of Application, by default it contains “RegisterRoutes” and “Application_Start” methods under “MvcApplication” class.

Web.config: It contains all the configuration related information of the application (This is same as we do have in ASP.Net web application).

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